• January 26, 2024
  • Dr Luke Wee

Last updated on April 5, 2024

When it comes to family planning, choosing a vasectomy is a decision that carries significant weight. It’s a choice that affects not only an individual but also their partner and family. The experts at The Cooper Clinic cover the pros and cons of a vasectomy, so you can make an informed decision about the right birth control method for you.

pros and cons of a vasectomy
Understanding the pros and cons of a vasectomy is essential to ensure you make the right decision for you and your family.

Understanding vasectomy

A vasectomy is a permanent form of birth control for the male reproductive system. This minimally invasive surgical procedure uses local anaesthetic to numb the area before accessing and cutting the vas deferens – tubes that carry sperm from the testicles. There are two different types: conventional vasectomy and a no-scalpel vasectomy. The only difference between these two procedures is how your doctor or surgeon accesses the vas deferens.

With a conventional vasectomy, a scalpel is used to create two cuts in your scrotum to access the tubes, and a no-scalpel vasectomy uses a specialised device to create one tiny puncture. In both procedures the vas deferens tube is cut to stop all the sperm from mixing with semen fluid, therefore avoiding unintended pregnancy. Increasingly popular for its simplicity and reliability, no-scalpel vasectomy is minimally invasive, has a quick recovery time and is fast becoming the gold standard as an effective form of permanent contraception.

Vasectomy: pros and cons for consideration

When thinking about getting a vasectomy, it’s really important to look at both the good and the not-so-good sides of the procedure. Vasectomies are a great option to prevent pregnancy and are usually simpler and less of a hassle than other birth control methods. However, they are considered permanent and there are some risks, just like with any surgery. They don’t protect you from sexually transmitted diseases and it is not always possible to have a vasectomy reversed. It’s crucial to weigh these pros and cons of vasectomy carefully before deciding if it is the right choice for you.

pros and cons of a vasectomy
The Cooper Clinic has put together a list of vasectomy pros and cons so you can weigh them up when making your decision.

Keep reading to discover our extensive list of the pros and cons of a vasectomy.

The pros of vasectomy

Highly effective: With a success rate of over 99%, vasectomies are incredibly effective for sperm-free ejaculate to prevent pregnancy
Minimal side effects: When compared to alternative contraception, vasectomies typically have fewer side effects
Only mild pain: Usually there is only mild discomfort and swelling post vasectomy, easily treated with ice packs and simple analgesia such as paracetamol
Minimal downtime: Most men can return to normal activities and work the day after their procedure, as long as they avoid heavy lifting and sexual activity for about a week
Cost-effectiveness: Over time, a vasectomy can be more economical than other contraceptive methods such as implants, pills or condoms
No hassle: A one-time procedure, vasectomies remove the daily worry about remembering to take a pill
Sexual freedom: Usually there is no change in a man’s sex drive, sexual performance or desire following a vasectomy. They can have unprotected sex with their partner without the worry of pregnancy

The cons of vasectomy

Permanent: A vasectomy reversal is not always possible, depending on how long since and the type of the original vasectomy. Therefore, you need to be sure that you and your female partner don’t want more children before you get a vasectomy
Surgical risks: Like any surgery, vasectomies carry potential risks and side effects, although these are minimal. There is a small risk of bleeding, infection, epididymitis, or sperm granuloma
No STI protection: It’s important to note that a vasectomy does not protect against sexually transmitted infections. If you change partners or have multiple partners you should still use protection
Emotional impact: There may be some psychological effects or negative impacts on relationships, so warrants careful consideration
Chance of failure: In rare cases, your procedure may fail. A follow-up test on a semen sample shows there is remaining sperm when a man ejaculates

pros and cons of a vasectomy
The decision to have the snip should be made together, as a family, as it impacts both you and your partner. You both have to be happy with the decision, so what better way to help than a pro and con list?

Weighing the pros and cons of vasectomy

Deciding to have a vasectomy involves weighing up the risks and benefits to determine if this is the right decision for you.

First, think about whether you’re ready for a permanent birth control method. It’s a big decision that will affect your future and the ability to have more children, so it’s important to be sure. Next, talk it over with your partner. Since it’s a decision that impacts both of you, having an open conversation is essential.

Finally, remember to weigh the pros and cons. Think about the benefits, like the effectiveness of a vasectomy, but also consider the permanent nature of the procedure and how you might feel about it later. Taking all these factors into account and having a discussion with your partner will help you make a decision that’s right for you.

Is it your best choice?

Although it is a relatively easy procedure, the decision to get a vasectomy is not. It is a deeply personal choice, involving many considerations. We encourage you to look at all the pros and cons of a vasectomy, have an open discussion with your partner and healthcare providers and take time to ensure that this decision aligns with your future life goals and is the right one for you.


What are the disadvantages of a vasectomy?

The main disadvantages of a vasectomy include its permanence, with reversal not always a viable option. There are also the typical risks associated with any surgical procedure, such as infection or pain, though these are generally minimal. Vasectomies do not protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and may have an emotional or psychological impact, particularly if there’s a change of heart about children in the future.

Are there any pros to having a vasectomy?

Vasectomies offer several advantages. They are over 99% effective in preventing pregnancy, making them one of the most reliable methods of contraception. The procedure is typically straightforward, with minimal side effects and a short recovery time. Vasectomies are also cost-effective in the long term compared to other birth control methods. Many men report no change in sex drive or performance post-vasectomy procedure.

Can a vasectomy cause problems later in life?

Vasectomies are generally safe with minimal long-term health risks. However, a small percentage of men may experience chronic pain or discomfort in the testicular area, known as post-vasectomy pain syndrome. The procedure has been thoroughly studied and is not linked to serious health issues like prostate cancer. It’s important for anyone considering a vasectomy to discuss their circumstances with a healthcare provider.

Dr Luke Wee

About The Author

Dr Luke Wee

Meet Luke, our very own vasman. NZ men benefit from his hands-on experience in performing nearly 3,000 vasectomies! Luke has a special interest in men’s health and vasectomy procedures. He’s a Fellow of the Royal New Zealand College of General Practitioners, a member of the Association of Surgeons in Primary Care and an international vasectomy peer group. Luke keeps his thumb on the pulse and consistently updates his skills and knowledge by attending national and international conferences.

Ask Us a Question

Have a query about vasectomies or family planning? Our dedicated team is here to help! Drop us a line with any questions or concerns you may have regarding the procedure, recovery, or any other aspect of vasectomy. We’re committed to providing informative and personalised answers to support your decision-making process.

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